IDP Crisis

 Noelle Ibarra / Save the Children

CONTEXT:

The emergence of ISIS - beginning in 2014 - deeply affected the country resulting in death, destruction and widespread displacement of nearly six million people. The offensive to retake the city of Mosul and other areas from ISIS ended on 9 December 2017. For almost a year and a half, many families have been returning home. As of 30 April 2019; 4,266,882 have returned and 1,665,108 people remain displaced across Iraq. Approximately 50% of the affected population are children. In spite of the end of the offensive, the needs of children persist and continue to face serious violations of their rights.

While millions of people have returned to their homes, the safety and living conditions in the areas of return vary enormously. Continuing insecurity, lack of basic services, explosive hazards contamination and damage to homes, businesses and public infrastructures such as schools and hospitals continue to pose significant challenges. Essential services such as safe water, electricity, and access to services, including education, remain limited in many areas and there are few livelihood opportunities to enable people to get back to work and start rebuilding their lives.

RESPONSE:

As a result of the continuous tensions between armed groups and government forces, people in most part of Iraq has continuously been displaced. The need to provide necessary assistance remains high as there is a lack of social and basic services. We have continuously aided the most vulnerable population in Iraq, in 5 governorates, both working in the camp and non-camp settings. Providing assistance in Child Protection, WASH, Education and ensuring community resilience and sustainability in the assistance provided. We co-lead Education Cluster and Child Protection sub-cluster, both in national and governorate levels Child Protection: Psychosocial support activities provided through static Protection Spaces. Education: Early Childhood Care and Development activities, Non-Formal Education, and Catch-up classes. WASH: We have provided clean drinking water, sanitation facilities and hygiene promotion awareness on key topics to prevent water-borne diseases. Non-Food Items: As needed, we distribute Core Relief Item Kits which include kitchen, sleeping and hygiene kits along with the seasonal winterization/summarization kits in camp and non-camp settings.

CHILD PROTECTION:

During the reporting period, Save the Children Iraq expanded its response for displaced and host community children in Kirkuk, Mosul, Diyala, and Salah al-Din governorates, more than 17015 children and youth (7859 boys and 9156 girls) benefited. Children reached mainly through, Structured PSS programs like children and youth resilience programs for 3247, and 1429 new cases were registered for case management provision, awareness sessions on CP topics for 17015 children and 6483 adults, and more.

WASH:

Total of 7,790 individuals were reached by rehabilitation of 1,039 sanitation units in Kirkuk, Mosul and Salah al-Din (2,081 girls, 2,101 boys, 1,732 men, 1,876 women). SCI celebrated the world water day in Kirkuk, Diyala, and Mosul, total of 1,061 Children (425 girls and 636 boys) participated in these events, while another 3,653 individuals (885 women, 834 men, 978 girls and 956 boys) in Salah al-Din gained access to improved environmental health through distribution of 437 waste bins.

EDUCATION:

Education activities in Iraq focused on the provision of ECCD, support for formal and non-formal education for children. Achievements: rehabilitation of 33 schools and 2 ECCD centers, and provision of educational material to 6,678 children and 25 teachers.  757 girls and 1,417 boys engaged in NFE activities, while 199 children and 57 parents in the ECCD program. 548 teachers were trained on child-center pedagogy and teaching techniques, positive discipline, and Social and Emotional Learning.

BENEFICIARY REACH:

Total number of beneficiaries reached in 2019 is 179,132.